As French As Everyone Else? by Sylvain Brouard and Vincent Tiberj

As French As Everyone Else? A Survey of French Citizens of Maghrebin, African, and Turkish Origin,  by Sylvain Brouard and Vincent Tiberj

Foreword by Paul M. Sniderman, Translated by Jennifer Fredett, Temple University Press

« As French as Everyone Else? is a timely, unique, and major contribution. Brouard and Tiberj—leading French political science researchers—offer a concise book on the important case of France. Given the relatively large size of the country’s immigrant population and its political and social significance, its study is especially relevant. These scholars examine in depth the cultural, political, and religious attitudes of this very important community. It is one about which little is known, in a scientific sense, until now. »
Michael Lewis-Beck, F. Wendell Miller Distinguished Professor of Political Science at the University of Iowa and author of How France Votes, The French Voter: Before and After the 2002 Elections, and French Presidential Elections

France is often depicted as the model of assimilationist or republican integration in the international literature on immigration. However, rarely have surveys drilled down to provide individual responses from a double representative sample. In As French as Everyone Else?, Sylvain Brouard and Vincent Tiberj provide a comprehensive assessment of the state of integration in France by systematically comparing the « new French » immigrants, as well as their children and grandchildren born in France, with a sample of the French general population. More information.

Vincent Tiberj is Associate Research Professor FNSP since 2002, where he specialises in comparative electoral behaviour (France, United States and Europe), the political psychology of ordinary citizens, the sociology of inequalities, the politics of immigration and integration and survey research and methodology. He has been visiting scholar at Stanford University and Oxford University. He also co-ordinates the methodological curricula in the PhD program of Sciences Po. See his publications.

Sophie Jacquot and Bruno Palier publish « The EU and the Domestic Politics of Welfare State Reforms Europa »

The EU and the Domestic Politics of Welfare State Reforms Europa
Edited by Paolo Graziano, Sophie Jacquot and Bruno Palier
Palgrave Macmillan, June 2011
Does European integration influence national social policies? What is the use of EU laws, orientations and guidelines? Based on a systematic comparison of ten national cases, including both old and new member states, representing all families of welfare regimes, this volume explores and specifies the mechanisms through which the EU plays a role in domestic social policy changes. It focuses on where, when and how national actors use the tools and resources offered by the process of European integration to support them in the national welfare reforms they are engaged in. The comprehensive research design and the systematic comparisons provide a unique opportunity to fully grasp the mechanisms of domestic welfare state change within the context of the European Union multilevel political system. This book proposes both a new step within the Europeanization and the welfare state literatures. It confirms the idea that Europe matters in a differential way since EU social policy will be selectively used by domestic political actors in accordance with their political preferences. It provides a clear explanation of why no EU-induced social policy change can occur without an overall support offered by key domestic decision-makers.
Sophie Jacquot is the scientific coordinator of the Centre d’études européennes. Sophie Jacquot holds a Ph.D. in Political Science. Her doctoral dissertation, approved in 2006 (by the Institute of Political Studies in Paris  – IEP de Paris), focused on « EU Public, Policy and  its Instruments. Gender Equality Policy and the Test of Gender Mainstreaming ».
Bruno Palier is CNRS Researcher at the Centre d’études européennes. Trained in social science, he has a PHD in Political science, and is a former student of Ecole Normale Superieure. He is studying welfare reforms in Europe, and is currently conducting various comparative projects: on social investment policies, on social dualisations in Europe, on europeanisation of welfare reforms, and on the politics of welfare reforms in Continental Europe.  See his publication.

Bruno Cautrès and Anne Muxel publish « The New Voter in Western Europe:France and Beyond »

The New Voter in Western Europe:France and Beyond
Edited by Bruno Cautrès and Anne Muxel
Palgrave Macmillan

This book presents the main results of an electoral panel study which is both unique and innovative not only in French political research but also among Western European electoral studies. The survey was conducted among a sample of 1,846 French voters interviewed on four separate occasions (2007 Presidential and Legislative elections). Electoral trajectories can thus be observed revealing the main trends in electoral behaviour and voting patterns across the electorate. The analysis of such trajectories and patterns mobilizes not only the usual explanatory factors (demographics, political leanings and identifications) but also another set of political variables (issues, the campaign and the media, the candidates’ image, how electoral decisions are made, hesitation in voting intentions).This study also provides interesting findings on electoral volatility, including abstention. More information

Bruno Cautrès, affiliated to the CNRS, joined the Centre for Political Research – CEVIPOF in January 2006 where he works on: voting patterns and elections, socio-political divisions related to the question of European integration, surveys and quantitative methods. His other research consists of work on the analysis of political behaviour and attitudes. See his publication.

Anne Muxel is a CNRS Research Director at the Centre for Political Research -CEVIPOF where she specialises in electoral and political behaviour, abstentionism, etc. She focuses on the younger generations and more specifically their attitudes to and relationship with politics. She is currently working on social and political identities among young people, electoral panels, etc. using longitudinal surveys – cohort and panel analysis – to do so. See her publications.

Christophe Jaffrelot publishes « Religion, Caste, and Politics in India »

Religion, Caste, and Politics in India
Christophe Jaffrelot
Columbia University Press, June 2011 

Following independence, the Nehruvian approach to socialism in India rested on three pillars: secularism and democracy in the political domain, state intervention in the economy, and diplomatic non-alignment mitigated by pro-Soviet leanings after the 1960s. These features defined a distinct « Indian model, » if not the country’s political identity.

From this starting point, Christophe Jaffrelot traces the transformation of India throughout the latter half of the twentieth century, particularly the 1980s and 90s. The world’s largest democracy has sustained itself by embracing not only the vernacular politicians of linguistic states, but also Dalits and « Other Backward Classes, » or OBCs.

More information

Christophe Jaffrelot is CNRS research director at CERI where he served as director from 2000 to 2008 and teaches South Asian politics and history, Arguably one of the world’s most respected writers on Indian society and politics, he has published many works, including The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics, 1925 to the 1990sIndia’s Silent Revolution: The Rise of the Lower Castes in North India; and Dr. Ambedkar and Untouchability: Fighting the Indian Caste System. See his publications.

Le lourd héritage colonial en Afrique de l’Ouest

Et si le modèle colonial français expliquait l’actuel retard des pays francophones d’Afrique de l’Ouest ?

C’est à cette question que s’est intéressée Élise Huillery, enseignante et chercheuse au département d’économie. Selon elle, l’origine des inégalités de développement observées au sein même de l’ancien “pré-carré” français en Afrique résiderait, pour une large part, dans les logiques de l’investissement public colonial.
De fait, depuis leur indépendance certains pays francophones de l’Afrique de l’Ouest ont des performances bien plus faibles que d’autres : en 2009, le taux d’alphabétisation au Niger était de 29 % contre 61 % au Togo. Même constat dans le secteur de la santé ou dans le développement des infrastructures. Comprendre les raisons de cette « tragédie africaine » est essentiel pour y remédier et certaines études comparatives apportent d’ores et déjà quelques éléments de réponse. Mais la distinction entre colonisation anglaise et française ou la différence entre colonisation de peuplement et colonisation d’exploitation des richesses locales ne rendent pas pleinement compte des raisons de ces disparités.
Élise Huillery avance de nouvelles explications dans un travail publié en 2009 dans la revue The American Economic Journal – Applied Economics. Celui-ci porte sur l’impact à long terme des investissements publics coloniaux français en Afrique de l’Ouest.

Lire la suite

Elise Huillery joined the Department of Economics at Sciences Po in 2009. She holds a PhD in Economics from the Paris School of Economics, a MA in Management from HEC and a MA in Philosophy from the University of Paris-Sorbonne. Her research is mainly focused on applied microeconomics and development economics. She has done research on colonial history, inequality and development in West Africa. She joined J-PAL in 2008 and is currently conducting field experiments in health, education and micro-entrepreuneurship in Niger, Morocco, Cameroun, Congo and France.  See her publications.