Patrick Le Galès elected member of the prestigious British Academy

Patrick Le Galès, CNRS Director of Research at Sciences Po’s Centre d’Etudes Européennes and professor at Sciences Po has been elected corresponding Fellow of the Political Science section of the British Academy. He is the first French to be elected as member of the Political Science section. Founded in 1902, the British Academy is the humanities/social sciences counterpart of the Royal Society (which is devoted to the “hard” sciences). The election of Patrick Le Galès will cement the international recognition of his work.

A graduate of Sciences Po, Nuffield College Oxford and the Université de Paris X Nanterre, Patrick Le Galès, research director CNRS at Centre d’études européennes is a political scientist and sociologist.  He was awarded the CNRS Bronze Medal in 1996, the Stein Rokkan Prize for Comparative Social Science Research in 2002 by the International Social Science Council and the 2007 Prize for Excellence in Social Science Research by the Fondation Mattei Dogan/Association Française de Science Politique.

His comparative research centres mainly on questions of governance, public action, the restructuration of the state (especially in Great Britain), and the detransformation of cities, European regions and large cities worldwide. At Sciences Po he has created and co-directed the Master in Regional and Urban Strategies, the double Master between Sciences Po and the London School of Economics « Urban policy » and « Governing the large metropolis » as well as the Master of Public Affairs. He is co-director of two of Sciences Po’s priority research programs, « Cities are back in town » and « Réseau Etat Recomposé.”

See his publications

RECWOWE – Reconciling Work and Welfare in Europe

The Research project implemented by the Network of Excellence RECWOWE has come to its end. It was conducted by Bruno Palier, as scientific coordinator (CEE-Sciences Po/CNRS) and Denis Bouget as general coordinator (Université de Nantes, MSH Nantes) and funded by the European Commission in the framework of PCRD. Its paramount objective was to study relationships between work and welfare in order to elaborate strategies for managing and resolving the multiple tensions between them.

It led to design proposals which may be used by the national and European decision-making bodies. It also served to the constitution of a ‘virtual institute’ of expertise and producted a significant scientific and teaching material.

Thanks to this collective work, four main tensions have been identified:

  1. Tensions between a call for more flexibility on the labour market and a need for security for citizens;
  2. Tensions between work and family life, increased fluidity in family patterns and enhanced flexibility in employment patterns and relationships;
  3. Tensions between the number of jobs created and their quality;
  4. ensions induced by the development of « employment-friendly” welfare reforms, i.e. the political tensions created by the difficulties in matching industrial welfare systems to the requirements of creating post-industrial jobs

Full information

The Stanley Hoffmann Prize Awarded to Bruno Palier and Kathleen Thelen

Bruno PalierThe Stanley Hoffmann Prize For Best Article on French Politics Awarded to Bruno Palier (CEE) and Kathleen Thelen (MIT)

Inaugurated in 2004, this award – administered by the French Politics Group of the American Political Science Association with the Association Française de Science Politique – is awarded to the best  English-language article on French Politics published in a peer-reviewed journal during the previous two years.  This year,  301 articles were considered.
The awarded article was published in Politics and Society  (march 2010) by Bruno Palier (Centre d’Etudes Européennes) and Kathleen Thelen (Massachusetts Institute of Technology):  » Institutionalizing Dualism: Complementarities and Change in France and Germany?« .
The following researchers have previously been awarded : Eliza Ferguson (University of New Mexico), James Shields (University of Warwick), David Yost (US Naval Postgraduate School), Elaine Thomas (Bard College).

Bruno Palier is CNRS Researcher at the Centre d’études européennes. Trained in social science, he has a PHD in Political science, and is a former student of Ecole Normale Superieure. He is studying welfare reforms in Europe, and is currently conducting various comparative projects: on social investment policies, on social dualisations in Europe, on europeanisation of welfare reforms, and on the politics of welfare reforms in Continental Europe.  See his publication.

La sous-déclaration des maladies professionnelles à l’épreuve de la silicose, par Paul-André Rosental

L’histoire de la silicose en tant que maladie professionnelle – la plus mortelle à ce jour dans l’histoire humaine – illustre de façon exemplaire les enjeux des pathologies liées au travail. L’indemnisation des victimes étant à la charge des employeurs, la reconnaissance des maladies professionnelles et leur réparation financière font l’objet, de la part des entreprises, de stratégies de minimisation qui se traduisent notamment par leur sous-enregistrement statistique massif.

La mécanisation de l’extraction du charbon et l’utilisation d’explosifs dans les mines ont fait de la silicose la « reine des maladies professionnelles » au cours du siècle dernier. Si la dangerosité du travail dans les exploitations minières est connue de longue date, les premières mesures préventives n’y apparaissent qu’à la fin du XIXe et au début du XXe siècles.

Le pays pionnier est ici l’Afrique du Sud, dont les mines d’or sont particulièrement périlleuses. Dès 1911, avec deux ou trois décennies d’avance sur la plupart des pays industrialisés, la législation y reconnaît officiellement la silicose comme maladie professionnelle. Cette antécédence, qui vaut aussi sur le plan de la prévention médicale, s’explique pour partie par des considérations raciales : il s’agit en priorité de protéger les mineurs blancs, qui forment aussi le cœur de la main d’œuvre qualifiée.

L’histoire de la silicose – une maladie en plein développement aujourd’hui dans les pays émergents – permet de mettre en lumière les obstacles plus généraux rencontrés par la reconnaissance et l’indemnisation des maladies professionnelles. Lire la suite

Paul-André Rosental est Professeur des Universités à Sciences Po et chercheur associé à Institut National d’Études Démographiques (INED). Voir ses publications.