Différenciation sociale et scolaire du territoire : Inégalités et configurations locales.

7 décembre 2009

Différenciation sociale et scolaire du territoire : Inégalités et configurations locales, Cahier N°6, également publié  dans la revue « Environment & Planning » en juillet 2006

Par Marco Oberti, Observatoire sociologique du changement, RTN URBeurope
The distribution of school provision in the greater Paris metropolitan area, including the
availability of certain courses and study programs, is strongly correlated with the social profiles of
the different localities and corresponds to sharp disparities. The highly diversified, attractive school
options in localities whose residents are highly privileged in socioeconomic and occupational terms
stand in contrast to the less diversified educational resources, including fewer course and study-
program options, and reduced private school presence in more markedly working-class municipalities.
Different approaches to school choice are strongly linked to parents’ socioeconomic status but do not
amount merely to practices for avoiding stigmatized middle schools in working-class localities. Those
approaches make sense when considered in relation to what may be tightly circumscribed social and
school environments and differentiated social positions and demands. The results presented here call
into question the effectiveness of school-districting rules in France aimed at regulating the social
profile of middle schools. As in London, Amsterdam, and Madrid, school dynamics and urban space
in the outskirts of Paris are closely intertwined and increasingly interact in producing segregation.